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They are found in infected mosquitoes. Habitat P. falciparumis most often found in areas that are comperable to the lifestyle of the vector that transmits it.

They have complex structure and a thick pellicle. The organism is transmitted by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito.

However, Plasmodium is widely distributed in tropical and temperate countries of the world but they are no longer a problem in the colder countries of the world. Plasmodium vivax, is the second most significant species and is prevalent in Southeast Asia and Latin America.

P. falciparum infection is predominant in sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia and some parts of the Caribbean, especially Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Plasmodium falciparum is responsible for the majority of malaria deaths globally and is the most prevalent species in sub-Saharan Africa.
Pellicle consists of a thin outer membrane, a two layered membrane and a layer of subpericular microtubules. P. falciparum and P. vivax are concomitantly encountered in South America and the Indian subcontinent. Sporozoites are single nucleated, sickled shaped structure with equally pointed ends.

Plasmodium, which infects red blood cells in mammals (including humans), birds, and reptiles, occurs worldwide, especially in tropical and temperate zones. Anopheles lay their eggs in a variety of fresh or brackish bodies of water, with different species having different preferences. Since P. falciparumis carried by infected female Anopheles gambiaemosquitoes to the vertebrate human host, tropical and subtropical areas are the most greatly affected
The remaining species are not typically as life threatening as P. falciparum. Countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, etc., are worst affected. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Without sufficient rainfall, mosquitoes cannot survive, and if not sufficiently warm, parasites cannot survive in the mosquito.